Schizotypal Personality Disorder

(Also Known As: Schizotypal, Schizotypal Personality, Mood Disorder, Paranoid, Social Anxiety, Delusions Of Reference)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What is Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal Personality Disorder is a personality disorder that is characterized by a need for social isolation, odd behavior and thinking, and often unconventional beliefs.1 Individuals with Schizotypal Personality Disorder appear strikingly odd and often project magical thinking, peculiar notions, ideas of reference, illusions and derealization.2

They may also possess bizarre mannerisms, an eccentric appearance, and speech that is greatly complex and difficult to follow. However, these cognitive distortions and eccentricities are only considered to be Schizotypal Personality Disorder when the behaviors become persistent and very disabling or distressing. During social interactions or gatherings, Schizotypals may react inappropriately, remain impassive, or talk to themselves. They may believe that they possess different special abilities such as having extra sensory powers or that they are connected to unrelated events in some important way. Also, they have the propensity to avoid intimacy and choose to have only a few close friends. Although Schizotypals may get married and keep a job, they still usually feel nervous around strangers.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder is classified under the schizophrenic spectrum of mental illness, which also includes Schizoid Personality Disorder and Schizophrenia. Although schizophrenia is categorized as a psychotic disorder and both schizoid and schizotypal are personality disorders, all three share symptoms, such as avoidance of social relations and flat emotional affect. What sets them apart is that schizoid personality patients don't typically experience the perceptual distortions, paranoia or delusions typical of Schizotypal Personality Disorder or the psychotic episodes of schizophrenia. 3

Could You Have Schizotypal Personality Disorder?

Schizotypal Personality Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Bipolar Disorder – Manic Depression, Mood Disorder, Mania, Depression, Hypomania
Borderline Personality Disorder – Changes in Mood, Unstable Social Relationships, Distorted Self Image, Dissociation
Schizoid Personality Disorder – Disinterested with Social Function, Secretiveness, Emotional Coldness