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Schizophrenia Treatments

(Also Known As: Paranoid Schizophrenia Treatments, Schizophrenic Treatments, Delusional Treatments, Psychosis Treatments)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What Kinds of Schizophrenia Treatments are Available?

The treatment for schizophrenia is centered on medication therapy since the condition is considered to be a brain disease instead of a psychological disorder. 8 However, an integrated approach remains to be effective in preventing relapses rather than using the traditional routine care for schizophrenia of medications and rehabilitation programs.

Integrated Approach

  • Motivational interviews to encourage the patient’s commitment to change
  • Use of antipsychotic medications with monitoring
  • Family psychotherapy
  • Community based rehabilitation and social skills training
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (reduces delusions and hallucinations)

Drug Therapy

  • Antipsychotics

The use of antipsychotic drugs cuts down the relapse rate of the disorder by 40%. 9

Newer atypical medications are recommended as first line treatment for schizophrenia to reduce the negative symptoms. They have fewer side effects than the traditional antipsychotics, with a lower risk to agranulocytosis and tardive dyskinesia that often result from the long term use of antipsychotic drugs. 10

The atypical medications include: Risperdal, Aripiprazole, Clozaril, Olanzapine, Ziprasadone and Quetiapine.

  • Antidepressants

These are known to be effective in reducing symptoms of depression in schizophrenics.

Psychotherapy

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Psychoeducation
  • Family therapy
  • Social skills training

Alternative Treatments

  • Glycine supplements are known to reduce the negative symptoms of schizophrenia by 24%.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids usually found in fish oils help alleviates both the negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
  • Antioxidants such as vitamin E, vitamin C and alpha lipoic acid shows improvement of symptoms by 5% to 10%.

Early treatment of schizophrenia will attain better prognosis and outcome. Patients who received medical treatment and other integral treatments for schizophrenia during their first episodes have less hospital admissions compared to those who do not receive early treatment.

Could You Have Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia Topics

Related Conditions

Bipolar Disorder – Psychosis, Hallucinations, Delusions, Suicide, Hypomania, Hypermania
Borderline Personality Disorder – Mood Variations/Changes, Unstable Interpersonal Relationships, Dissociation
Schizotypal Personality Disorder – Social Isolation, Odd Behavior, Unconventional Beliefs, Paranoia, Social Anxiety