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Schizoid Personality Disorder

(Also Known As: Schizoid, Personality Disorder, Schizophrenic, Schizoid Personality, Pleasure Deficiency)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What is Schizoid Personality Disorder?

Schizoid Personality Disorder is a condition that involves the persistent withdrawal from social relationships and absence of emotional responsiveness in most instances. This condition is often referred to as a “pleasure deficiency” due to the seeming inability of the person suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder to have joyful or pleasurable responses to life situations.1

Individuals suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder show minimal or zero interest in establishing close relationships. They are known for their aloofness, introversion, and their preference for being alone. They are often labeled as “shy” or as a “loner.” They have the tendency to turn inwards to prevent social relationships. It is common for people suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder to stay away from groups or show their disinterest in social situations even when their family is involved.

Closely associated with Schizoid Personality Disorder is the lack of emotional expression. Sometimes, this absence of emotion is seen by others as disinterest, lack of concern, and insensitivity to the needs of other people. An individual suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder has trouble showing their anger or hostility. They exhibit a dull demeanor and are easily misinterpreted by others. People with Schizoid Personality Disorder will often choose to be viewed as “invisible” since it helps them in avoiding social contact with other people.

In addition, people suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder are withdrawn and solitary. They are characterized by emotional coldness and social distance. Individuals suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder are confined to their own thoughts and feelings and are afraid of being close and intimate with other people. Fantasy is commonly used as a coping mechanism for those with Schizoid Personality Disorder.2

Despite showing little anxiety, people suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder can still distinguish themselves from the people in their community. In most instances, people diagnosed with Schizoid Personality Disorder feel they are not enjoying a full life because they live in a shell. According to Beck and Freeman, a person with a Schizoid Personality Disorder is more of an “observer” than a participant in their community.

Could You Have Schizoid Personality Disorder?

Schizoid Personality Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Bipolar Disorder – Manic Depression, Mood Disorder, Mania, Depression, Hypomania
Borderline Personality Disorder – Changes in Mood, Unstable Social Relationships, Distorted Self Image, Dissociation
Schizophrenia – Abnormal Perception and Expression of Reality, Hallucination, Delusion, Paranoid, Disorganized Speech
Schizotypal Personality Disorder – Mood Changes, Paranoid, Social Anxiety, Delusion