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Pervasive Developmental Disorder NOS Treatment

(Also Known As: Pervasive Developmental Disorders Treatment, Autism Treatment, Asperger's Treatment, Aspergers Treatment, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified Treatment, Pdd-NOS Treatment, PDD Treatment)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What are the treatments available for pervasive developmental NOS?

The treatment approach for PDD-NOS, autism and asperger’s disorder are all basically the same. Compared with autism and asperger’s disorder patients, PDD-NOS individuals generally have better language skills and more self-awareness; thus they are better candidates for psychotherapy. 8

Yale Developmental Disabilities Clinic stated that treatment of children with PDD-NOS could be complicated because they may not get the help they need as quickly as those whose behavioral patterns are more clearly definable, as are children with autism. Physicians will not provide a diagnosis of PDD-NOS until after they have ruled-out all other conditions of autism. The most advisable approach would be multi-faceted course of therapy. These different behavioral treatments could include: Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), sensory integration therapy, play therapy among many others. Additionally, social skills training, also proves beneficial to the patients. 9

Treatment for PDD-NOS, asperger’s disorder and autism aims to: increase socially acceptable and pro-social behavior, decrease odd behavioral symptoms, and improve both verbal and nonverbal communication skills. The following have been suggested as beneficial methods in treatment of the disorders:

  • Language and education remediation
  • Educational and behavioral intervention – structured classroom training combined with behavioral methods prove to be the most effective treatment of autism in children.
  • Careful training of parents in the concepts and skills of behavior modification
  • Facilitated communication – is reported to be successful in eliciting language to produce messages, demonstrating a child’s ability to read and write, to do mathematics, express emotions and even to write poetry.

There are no specific medications that could treat the core symptoms of autism however, medications has been proven to alleviate associated symptoms such as aggression, severe temper tantrums, self-marring behavior, hyperactivity, and obsessive-compulsive behaviors and stereotypes. The following are the medications given to patients:

  • Haloperidol – reduces hyperactivity, stereotypes, withdrawal, fidgetiness, irritability, labile affect and accelerated learning. However, it is no longer the drug of choice for treatment of autism due to its serious adverse effects.

Antipsychotics: Serotonin-Dopamine antagonist (SDA) – replaced the typical antipsychotics agents due to lower risks of causing extrapyramidal adverse effects. SDAs include: risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, clozapine, and ziprasidone. 10

Could You Have Pervasive Developmental Disorder NOS?

Pervasive Developmental Disorder NOS Topics

Related Conditions

Asperger's Syndrome – impaired social interaction, restrictive patterns of behavior, repetitive behavior, autism, clumsiness
Autism – impaired social interaction, restricted repetitive behavior, impaired social development
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder – disintegrative psychosis, developmental delay, impaired social, verbal and motor skills
Rett's Disorder – impaired social skills, autism, pervasive disorder, cognitive impairment, impaired verbal skills