Personality Disorder NOS Diagnosis
(Also Known As: Personality Disorder Diagnosis, Personality Disorders Diagnosis, Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnosis, Mixed Personality Disorder Diagnosis)
(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)
How are Personality Disorders diagnosed?
Diagnosis of personality disorders is based on a clinical assessment by a qualified mental health professional. The assessment includes the patient's self-reported experiences as well as the clinician's observations. The resulting profile may be confirmed by habitual patterns of behavior as accounted for by family members, friends or colleagues. The list of criteria that must be met for diagnosis is outlined in the DSM-IV-TR. 8
Borderline Personality Disorder
The DSM-IV-TR criteria for borderline personality disorder include five or more of the following: frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment which does not include suicidal or self-mutilating behavior, a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation, identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self, impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging, recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures or threats or self-mutilating behavior, affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (such as, intense episodic dysphoria, irritability or anxiety usually lasting a few hours or days), chronic feelings of emptiness, inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger, transient, self-stressed related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms. 9
Personality Disorder NOS
Passive-aggressive personality disorder
The DSM-IV-TR criteria for passive-aggressive personality disorder can be summed up into a pervasive pattern of negativistic attitudes and passive resistance to demands for adequate performance, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four or more of the following: passively resists fulfilling routine social and occupational tasks, complains of being misunderstood and unappreciated by others, feels sullen and argumentative, unreasonably criticizes and scorns authority, expresses envy and resentment toward those apparently more fortunate, voices exaggerated and persistent complaints of personal misfortune and alternates between hostile defiance and contrition. These symptoms do not occur exclusively during major depressive episodes and is not better accounted for by dysthymic disorder.
Depressive personality disorder
The DSM-IV-TR criteria for depressive personality disorder is indicated by five or more of the following: usual mood is dominated by dejection, gloominess, cheerlessness, joylessness, unhappiness; self-concept centers around beliefs of inadequacy, worthlessness, and low self-esteem; is critical, blaming, and derogatory toward self; is brooding and given to worry; is negativistic, critical, and judgmental toward others; is pessimistic and prone to feeling guilty or remorseful. 10
Could You Have Personality Disorder NOS?
Personality Disorder NOS Topics
|Antisocial Personality Disorder – pervasive behavior, disregard of rights of others, lack of empathy|
|Avoidant Personality Disorder – pervasive social inhibition, feeling of inadequacy, fear of being criticized or rejected|
|Borderline Personality Disorder – variable mood, unstable relationship, psychosis|
|Dependent Personality Disorder - dependence towards others, get others to assume responsibility for major areas of their lives, lacks self-confidence, may experience intense discomfort when left alone for more than a brief period|
|Histrionic Personality Disorder - exhibits excitability and are highly emotional, manifests a colorful, dramatic, extroverted behavior with the inability to maintain long-lasting attachments.|
|Narcissistic Personality Disorder - characterized by a heightened sense of self-importance and grandiose feelings of uniqueness|
|Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – obsession to perfection, compulsive personality, obsession, perfectionist, routine and repetitive activities|
|Paranoid Personality Disorder – long standing suspiciousness, mistrust of others, paranoia, maladaptive behavior|
|Schizoid Personality Disorder – lack of interest with social relationship, prefer to be in solitary, emotional coldness, indifference|
|Schizotypal Personality Disorder - odd personality, perceives magical thinking, peculiar notions, ideas of reference, illusions and derealization.|