(Also Known As: Dyslexic, Learning Disorder, Developmental Reading Disorder)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What is Dyslexia?

Having been around for many years now, there have been several definitions that have been used in describing the condition known as dyslexia. In 1968, the World Federation of Neurologists defined dyslexia as “a disorder in children who, regardless of traditional classroom instruction, did not meet the necessary language skills in reading, spelling, and writing based on their intellectual capacity. 1

The US National Institutes of Health defines dyslexia as a learning disorder that can block an individual’s capacity to read, write, spell, and at times speak. In the field of education, dyslexia is categorized under Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD). The term is used to denote difficulties in a certain area that affects a particular function.

Aside from reading, writing, and spelling skills, dyslexia may likewise involve difficulties in short-term memory, concentration, mathematics, and personal organization. Although biological in nature, hereditary, and environmental factors may come into play as well.

Could You Have Dyslexia?

Dyslexia Topics

Related Conditions

Asperger's Syndrome – restricted social interaction, autism, learning difficulty
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – inattention, hyperactivity, difficulty to concentrate
Mental Retardation – below normal mental ability, difficulty in learning, dysfunctional adaptive ability