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Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms

(Also Known As: DID Symptoms, Personality Disorder Symptoms, Multiple Personalities Symptoms, Identity Disorder Symptoms)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What Are The Symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder?

Individuals suffering from DID exhibit a wide array of symptoms; some even resemble other personality disorders. Seven out of ten patients diagnosed with identity disorder passed the criteria set by DSM-IV for posttraumatic stress disorder. The symptoms of PTSD include avoidance, numbing, hyperarousal, and intrusive symptoms.

Forty to sixty percent of patients diagnosed with DID exhibits the symptoms of somatoform pain or conversion disorders due to the presence of several types of psychophysiological and bodily symptoms. Some of these manifestations include: seizure, pain in the abdomen, pelvic area, and musculoskeletal region, asthma and breathing problems, and headache.

In addition, patients diagnosed with this mental illness also show symptoms of mood disorders, particularly depression. Other manifestations resembling mood disorders include mood swings, dysphoria, guilt feelings, sleeping disorders, to name just a few. There are similar symptoms of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

The following are the principal symptoms of dissociative identity disorder:

  • Amnesia. Individuals suffering from identity disorder experiences lapses in recalling personal history and previous or recent events. This is due to the fact that inferior personalities have constricted memories while the dominant identities have complete memories. Loss of memory is exhibited by 98 percent of patients with this disorder when an alternate personality takes over.
  • Depersonalization. Patients diagnosed with this disorder usually develop the feeling that their body is fake, changing in size, or detached.
  • Derealization. The individual dissociates himself from the external environment which he perceives as strange or unreal.
  • Personality disturbance. This is one of the most unique symptoms being experienced by individuals suffering from an identity disorder. Patients with DID have a main personality and several identities that control various situations.

Could You Have Dissociative Identity Disorder?

Dissociative Identity Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Borderline Personality Disorder – Personality Disorder, Mood Changes, Dissociation, Splitting Personality
Depersonalization Disorder – Recurrent De-Realization, Feeling of Disconnection from the Body and Mind, Out of the Body Experience
Dissociative Amnesia – Functional Amnesia, Abnormal Memory Functioning Without Brain Damage, Retrograde Amnesia
Schizophrenia – Mental Disorder, Paranoia, Hallucination, Delusion, Disorganized Speech and Thinking
Somatization Disorder – Hysteria, Variable Physical Symptoms with no Identifiable Physical Origins