Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are conditions that can disrupt the normal sleeping patterns of a person. It is usually attributed to medical conditions and the person tends to sleep excessively. The lack of sleep can become stressful to a person and in serious conditions, it can take a toll on their ability to stay healthy and often compromise social and personal relationships. It can induce daytime sleepiness that significantly affects a person’s ability to perform their daily activities.

Breathing Related Sleep Disorder

Breathing-related sleep disorder is a group of disorders that cause significant disruptions in the normal breathing during sleep. The person affected is often the last person to know they have such condition. The disorder constitutes a part of different variations of a broad group of sleep disorders such as insomnia, hypersomnia, arcolepsy, parasomnia and other sleep related movements such as restless leg syndrome. The most common forms of breathing related sleep disorders are sleep apnea and... Read more about Breathing Related Sleep Disorder


Dyssomnia is a collective term given to a group of heterogeneous sleeping disorders that are characterized by disturbances in the body’s natural resting and waking patterns, disrupting the quantity, quality, or timing of sleep. Dyssomnia patients usually manifest difficulty in initiating or maintaining sleep or experience episodes of excessive daytime sleepiness known as somnolence. Along with Parasomnia, it is classified as one of the two main primary sleep disorders. Dyssmonia includes primary insomnia,... Read more about Dyssomnia


Hypersomnia is a neurological condition which refers to a set of related disorders that manifests somnolence, also known as excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) or prolonged nighttime sleep. Most conditions of Hypersomnia are hard to classify and idiopathic. However, there are two main categories of Hypersomnia and both types are portrayed by similar signs and symptoms, differing only in the rate of which they... Read more about Hypersomnia


Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder due to the inability of the brain to regulate the normal sleep-wake cycle. The condition is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness where an individual experiences extreme tiredness with the possibility of falling asleep during the day at inappropriate times and places. The resulting effect would be disturbed nocturnal sleep, oftentimes mistaken as a case of insomnia. A Narcoleptic also experiences disturbed rapid eye movement or REM. The urge to fall... Read more about Narcolepsy

Nightmare Disorder

Nightmare Disorder is a sleep disorder which is a condition characterized by experiencing frequent nightmares with repeated awakenings from sleep. The person with a Nightmare Disorder often finds their dreams as vivid, which can pose threats to survival, self esteem, and security. The nightmares that one experiences usually occurs within the second half of the REM stage of the sleeping... Read more about Nightmare Disorder

Parasomnia NOS

Parasomnia is a group of sleep disorders that are characterized by a disrupted sleeping patterns and disturbed sleep. Abnormal behaviors and experiences usually occur during sleep. There are different types of Parasomnia which also vary in frequency and severity. While some Parasomnias are outgrown by a child some may persist in its chronic form into adulthood, which usually requires immediate medical treatment. The sleeping disorder in Parasomnias usually involves abnormality in behaviors, perceptions,... Read more about Parasomnia NOS

Primary Sleep Disorder

Sleep disorder is a medical condition affecting the sleep patterns of an individual, which oftentimes can be serious enough to affect the normal emotional, psychological, social, and physical functioning of the individual. There are several types of sleep disorders that were diagnosed by sleep specialists. The different sleep disorders are grouped and organized based on their presumed etiology. According to the DSM IV-TR Guidebook these groups of sleep disorders consist... Read more about Primary Sleep Disorder

Sleep Terror Disorder

Sleep Terror Disorder, classically called a night terror, is a form of parasomnia disorder characterized with extreme terror and a temporary inability to regain consciousness. When the person wakes up, they are usually frightened and in extreme terror accompanied by moaning, screaming and gasping. The episode may usually last a few minutes and the person often has difficulty waking up. When a person with Sleep Terror Disorder is awakened, they are confused and have difficulty in recalling the details of... Read more about Sleep Terror Disorder

Sleepwalking Disorder

Sleepwalking Disorder is a condition that is characterized by walking asleep. The activity that a sleepwalker usually does during the episode is not limited to just merely walking in a sleep-like state but it also involves cruising along the stairs, rising from bed and walking around, going out of doors, eating snacks, cleaning, and dressing or undressing. Sleepwalking Disorder is also called somnambulism characterized by repeated episodes of motor activity during sleep. The sleepwalker may appear to be... Read more about Sleepwalking Disorder