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Infant/Childhood/Adolescent Disorders

The infant, childhood and adolescent disorders are a group of mental conditions arising in the early stage of a person’s developmental age. The mental condition usually manifests and can be diagnosed as early as infancy until adolescent age. The symptoms of impairment in the cognitive, behaviorioral, communication and perceptual abilities of the child usually affect family relations and cause learning difficulties in the affected individuals.

Asperger's Syndrome

Aperger’s syndrome is a lifelong psychological (neurodevelopmental) disorder which begins in childhood and is marked by a lack of social understanding, limited ability for reciprocal conversation and an intense interest in a particular subject. It is classified as part of the autism spectrum and considered one of the pervasive developmental disorders. Persons with asperger’s syndrome may have an average to superior intelligence, however their social and emotional capabilities are noticeably less developed... Read more about Asperger's Syndrome

Autism

Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder. It is a severe life-long condition recognized mainly by deficits in social functioning, communication, and activities and interests. It is characterized by a difficulty in learning proper social interactions and conventions, delays in language acquisition, and certain repetitive and stereotyped bodily movements and/or intense preoccupation with objects or parts of objects. Many people who have autism have difficulties with reciprocal conversations and... Read more about Autism

Childhood Eating Disorder

Eating disorders are not only common among adults; even children can suffer from eating disorder which is known as childhood eating disorders. This kind of disorder is characterized by extreme worry with food and weight. Eating disorders include many types and subtypes such as: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder, but the two major eating disorders that are common and seen in children nowadays are anorexia and... Read more about Childhood Eating Disorder

Learning Disorders

A learning disorder does not involve a problem with the intelligence quotient of a child. In fact, their IQ level falls within the normal range. Learning disorders stems from the brain. An individual suffering from this condition has difficulty processing sensory information that hampers their daily tasks at work or in school. They see, hear, and understand things in a different manner than most individuals... Read more about Learning Disorders

Mental Retardation

Mental retardation is a condition wherein the individual has below average intelligence manifested from birth until early infancy which brings about limited performance of daily living skills. The term “mental retardation” has somewhat created a negative social stigma which prompted doctors and health care practitioners to start replacing it with “intellectual disability”. Because of the recent change, “mental retardation/intellectual disability” is being used to signify the change in... Read more about Mental Retardation

Parkinson's Disease

Symptoms of Parkinson's disease have been known and treated since medieval times, most outstandingly by Averroes. In spite of this, the condition was not officially recognized and its symptoms were not duly documented until the British physician James Parkinson wrote. “An Essay on the Shaking Palsy” in 1817, thus the disease was named after him. Parkinson's disease was also known as paralysis agitans, as quoted by Jean-Martin Charcot. It is described as a degenerative disease of the central nervous... Read more about Parkinson's Disease

Reactive Attachment Disorder

Reactive Attachment Disorder is a rare psychiatric illness affecting children who experience a serious emotional attachment to others. This form of attachment disorder in children is an uncommon condition that involves a developmentally inappropriate way for children to socially relate with others. Reactive Attachment Disorder can be manifested as inhibited attachment disorder, where the child has a persistent failure to respond to social interactions in a more developmentally appropriate way, or it may... Read more about Reactive Attachment Disorder

Selective Mutism

Selective Mutism is a childhood condition in which a child remains completely silent or near silent in social situations. This disorder was formerly known as elective mutism, which indicates a widespread misconception even among psychologists that Selectively Mute people choose to be silent in certain situations, while the truth is that they are forced by their extreme anxiety to remain silent; despite their will to speak, they just cannot. To reflect the involuntary nature of this disorder, its name was... Read more about Selective Mutism