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Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders usually occur together with other mental and cognitive disorders. Anxiety is a normal reaction of the body to stress but it becomes a disorder when it occurs with other psychological illnesses that can cause significant distress and affects the ability of the person to live a normal life.

Acute Stress Disorder

Acute Stress Disorder is a temporary psychological disorder characterized by the severe impairment of a person’s normal functioning due to an extreme stressor. It is a reaction, in excess of what can normally be expected to an extremely stressful event. Acute Stress Disorder can be recognized by feelings of anxiety, numbness, avoidance, depression and agitation. Some may also experience feelings of disconnection from reality or from one’s mind or body, and some may have intrusive... Read more about Acute Stress Disorder

Adjustment Disorder

Adjustment Disorder is a time-limited psychological disorder which is described as an excessive response triggered by one or more stressors in a person's life. Adjustment Disorder is characterized by mental and emotional distress and a feeling of hopelessness which impedes or interferes with the person’s normal functioning. Symptoms are experienced within three months from the onset of the... Read more about Adjustment Disorder

Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is a type of anxiety disorder related to fear. A person with Agoraphobia might feel anxious about being trapped in a place or situation. Or they might fear having a panic attack and not being able to get the help they need and losing control. People with Agoraphobia will tend to avoid location or things that might evoke panic-like symptoms. A few of these places and situations might include elevators, sporting complex, bridges, buses, trains, airplanes or other public transportation,... Read more about Agoraphobia

Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease is a disease of the brain which grows worse over time and leads to loss of memory, language abilities and eventually to the loss of the person’s normal functioning, and even to changes in personality. It can lead to the failure of the body's organ systems and is a fatal disease. Alzheimer's Disease is not a part of normal aging. It can cause death three to twenty years from the onset of... Read more about Alzheimer's Disease

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Antisocial Personality Disorder is a chronic mental illness or disorder where the individual disregards the feelings and rights of others for their own personal gain without any feelings of guilt. Individuals who have Antisocial Personality Disorder are violent, untruthful, irresponsible, disrespectful, impulsive, and have aggressive... Read more about Antisocial Personality Disorder

Anxiety Disorder NOS

Anxiety Disorder is perhaps the most common emotional disorder affecting the general population. Anxiety Disorder is characterized by intense fear and anxiety that is abnormal and inappropriate for the stimulus—not warranting such a reaction. A person experiencing Anxiety Disorder will likely have an increased heart rate, an acute sense of focus on noises, and tensed muscles. These symptoms are the body’s normal reaction caused by the Sympathetic Nervous System (i.e. the fight or flight response) in... Read more about Anxiety Disorder NOS

Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by disturbed personality function with variable mood changes and mood swings. The disturbed sense of self of the person with the Borderline Personality Disorder often results in a negative impact on the psychosocial aspects of an individual; such as keeping good relationships at work, home, school, or other social environments. In extreme cases, Borderline Personality Disorder can lead to... Read more about Borderline Personality Disorder

Dependent Personality Disorder

Dependent Personality Disorder is a behavioral disorder that is characterized by an individual's pervasive psychological dependency on others. It was formerly called Asthenic Personality Disorder which was believed to be a kind of personality disorder rooted in childhood. Other experts call Dependent Personality Disorder a Borderline Personality Disorder that is marked with... Read more about Dependent Personality Disorder

Dyslexia

Having been around for many years now, there have been several definitions that have been used in describing the condition known as dyslexia. In 1968, the World Federation of Neurologists defined dyslexia as “a disorder in children who, regardless of traditional classroom instruction, did not meet the necessary language skills in reading, spelling, and writing based on their intellectual... Read more about Dyslexia

Dysthymic Disorder

Dysthymic Disorder is a chronic disorder characterized by a depressed mood that lasts most of the day and is present continuously, without periods of relief. The most typical features of Dysthymic Disorder are feelings of inadequacy, guilt, irritability, anger, withdrawal from society, loss of interest, inactivity, and lack of... Read more about Dysthymic Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder is a condition where a person manifests excessive and irrational worry, which is often disproportionate to the actual source of the worry. Generalized Anxiety Disorder is characterized by chronic anxiety, intense tension, and exaggerated worry even when there is nothing to provoke it. Oftentimes, Generalized Anxiety Disorder interferes in the person’s daily functions. The intense anxiety is due to the person’s anticipation of catastrophic events, disasters, or because he or... Read more about Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Hypochondriasis

Hypochondriasis belongs to the ranks of the somatoform disorders, a group of mental illnesses that was created to include differential diagnosis of disorders that have physical symptoms with no clear organic findings. According to the DSM-IV, the symptoms are characterized by the absence of voluntary control, thus eliminating malingering and factitious disorders from the group. Other disorders included in somatoform disorder category are: somatization Disorder, pain disorder, undifferentiated somatoform... Read more about Hypochondriasis

Intermittent Explosive Disorder

Intermittent explosive disorder is a behavioral disorder characterized by a violent expression of anger and rage. The individual with intermittent explosive disorder usually exhibits uncontrollable rage that is often inappropriate to the current situation. The manifestation of repeated episodes of violent and aggressive behavior is the main characteristics of intermittent explosive disorder. The person is capable of showing intermittent explosive behavior of attacking other people and their possessions... Read more about Intermittent Explosive Disorder

Kleptomania

Kleptomania is a strong desire to steal and belongs under the impulse control disorder category in the DSM IV TR. A Kleptomaniac usually steals items or things that they could normally afford to buy or things that are not very expensive. Persons with Kleptomania usually have the compulsion to steal not for any monetary value, but because of the thrill of doing so. This is what makes Kleptomania distinguishable from normal stealing, theft, or... Read more about Kleptomania

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder due to the inability of the brain to regulate the normal sleep-wake cycle. The condition is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness where an individual experiences extreme tiredness with the possibility of falling asleep during the day at inappropriate times and places. The resulting effect would be disturbed nocturnal sleep, oftentimes mistaken as a case of insomnia. A Narcoleptic also experiences disturbed rapid eye movement or REM. The urge to fall... Read more about Narcolepsy

Nightmare Disorder

Nightmare Disorder is a sleep disorder which is a condition characterized by experiencing frequent nightmares with repeated awakenings from sleep. The person with a Nightmare Disorder often finds their dreams as vivid, which can pose threats to survival, self esteem, and security. The nightmares that one experiences usually occurs within the second half of the REM stage of the sleeping... Read more about Nightmare Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a kind of anxiety disorder wherein an individual has little power to control undesirable thoughts (obsessions) and is compelled to perform repetitive behaviors (compulsions). With Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, the individual is aware that his or her obsessions and compulsions are illogical, yet they feel powerless in controlling or overcoming them... Read more about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder is a condition characterized by perfectionism, control, rigidity, and an overconcern with work at the expense of establishing close interpersonal relationships. An individual suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder often cannot relax because of his or her preoccupation with details, productivity, and rules. Individuals suffering from OCPD are often seen as stingy, stubborn, self-righteous, and... Read more about Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

Panic Disorder

Panic Disorder is a condition belonging to the anxiety disorder category and is characterized by a sudden panic attack, which may be recurrent, resulting in behavioral changes that may last at least a month. Panic Disorder can become an anticipatory disorder, where the person worries on an ongoing basis and even continually predicts having another attack. Panic Disorder is a treatable condition though there is no known cure. Panic Disorder typically occurs during adulthood between the ages of 25 to 30... Read more about Panic Disorder

Paranoid Personality Disorder

Paranoid Personality Disorder is a condition characterized by a long term, widespread, and unwarranted suspicion of other people, which can be hostile, demeaning, and threatening. The name "Paranoid Personality Disorder" is derived from the word “madness”. It is one of ten personality disorders identified in The... Read more about Paranoid Personality Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a form of anxiety disorder involving an extreme emotional illness that develops due to a frightening, unsafe, and life-threatening experience. The person affected with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder re-experiences the traumatic event leading them to avoid places, people, occasions, events and other things that remind them of their traumatic experience, and they become overly sensitive to life’s normal experiences. The person affected with PTSD experiences... Read more about Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Premenstrual syndrome or PMS is a condition characterized by changes in the mood of a woman as well as the manifestation of physical symptoms associated with her menstrual cycle that can bring about a significant impact to her quality of life. However, while PMS can lead to considerable distress on the part of the individual, there is a tendency for some women to experience even more severe symptoms related to their menstrual cycle. This severe form of PMS is what is called premenstrual dysphoric... Read more about Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Pyromania

Pyromania is a condition characterized by the intentional setting of fires in order to derive pleasure or satisfaction and to relieve the tension that has built up prior to the setting of the fire. Pyromania comes from the Greek words pyro which means “fire” and mania meaning “loss of reason.” In DSM-IV-TR, Pyromania is classified as an impulse control disorder. This condition is marked by the failure of an individual to resist the impulse to set fire, which is distinctly different from the organized plan... Read more about Pyromania

Selective Mutism

Selective Mutism is a childhood condition in which a child remains completely silent or near silent in social situations. This disorder was formerly known as elective mutism, which indicates a widespread misconception even among psychologists that Selectively Mute people choose to be silent in certain situations, while the truth is that they are forced by their extreme anxiety to remain silent; despite their will to speak, they just cannot. To reflect the involuntary nature of this disorder, its name was... Read more about Selective Mutism

Separation Anxiety Disorder

Separation anxiety disorder is a condition that involves children displaying significant distress when they are separated from their parents or primary caregiver. The situation becomes worse when the child enters elementary school, but it is also likely in older or younger children. In separation anxiety disorder, the child develops a fear that something terrible might happen to either the child or parent while they are... Read more about Separation Anxiety Disorder

Sexual Dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction is a disturbance that affects the sexual response during the sex cycle, often with associated pain during intercourse or arousal. Sexual dysfunction can affect both men and women with involved disturbance on the physiological sexual response cycle. The changes are seen from the desire, arousal, orgasmic response and performance (particularly in men). Women are affected mostly with pain disorders such as vaginismus, with involuntary muscle spasm of the vaginal wall that prevent... Read more about Sexual Dysfunction

Social Anxiety Disorder

Social Anxiety Disorder is a condition wherein an individual becomes extremely anxious or self-conscious in social situations. Individuals with Social Anxiety Disorder have an intense, chronic, and persistent fear that they are being monitored or judged by other people. They are afraid that their actions might lead to embarrassment. Prior to a feared situation, their worries might go on for days or weeks. Due to the intensity of their fear, Social Anxiety Disorder may become a hindrance to their school,... Read more about Social Anxiety Disorder