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Adjustment Disorders

Adjustment disorders consist of a group of symptoms that are characterized by emotional and behavioral disturbances that usually occur within the first 3 months after the onset of the cause of the stressful event. Changes in the life of a person are the most common cause of stressful events. The stress-related symptoms manifest as depression, anxiousness and even in suicide attempts. The individual usually has difficulty in coping with changes in the presence of a stressful situation.

Adjustment Disorder

Adjustment Disorder is a time-limited psychological disorder which is described as an excessive response triggered by one or more stressors in a person's life. Adjustment Disorder is characterized by mental and emotional distress and a feeling of hopelessness which impedes or interferes with the person’s normal functioning. Symptoms are experienced within three months from the onset of the... Read more about Adjustment Disorder

Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is a type of anxiety disorder related to fear. A person with Agoraphobia might feel anxious about being trapped in a place or situation. Or they might fear having a panic attack and not being able to get the help they need and losing control. People with Agoraphobia will tend to avoid location or things that might evoke panic-like symptoms. A few of these places and situations might include elevators, sporting complex, bridges, buses, trains, airplanes or other public transportation,... Read more about Agoraphobia

Anxiety Disorder NOS

Anxiety Disorder is perhaps the most common emotional disorder affecting the general population. Anxiety Disorder is characterized by intense fear and anxiety that is abnormal and inappropriate for the stimulus—not warranting such a reaction. A person experiencing Anxiety Disorder will likely have an increased heart rate, an acute sense of focus on noises, and tensed muscles. These symptoms are the body’s normal reaction caused by the Sympathetic Nervous System (i.e. the fight or flight response) in... Read more about Anxiety Disorder NOS

Binge Eating Disorder

Binge eating disorder is a psychological disorder classified as an eating disorder not otherwise specified. It is characterized by disturbing episodes of overeating in which individuals feel a loss of control. Persons with binge eating disorder tend to have episodes of eating large quantities of food until they feel ill or uncomfortable. These episodes are often triggered by emotionally stressful events or situations. People with binge eating disorder may have varying degrees of obesity; however the... Read more about Binge Eating Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder is an acute mental illness characterized by severe mood swings that can result in distractions in one’s life. These remarkable mood swings are seen as very high feelings or being energetic then suddenly switching to being sad and miserable and then back... Read more about Bipolar Disorder

Dyssomnia

Dyssomnia is a collective term given to a group of heterogeneous sleeping disorders that are characterized by disturbances in the body’s natural resting and waking patterns, disrupting the quantity, quality, or timing of sleep. Dyssomnia patients usually manifest difficulty in initiating or maintaining sleep or experience episodes of excessive daytime sleepiness known as somnolence. Along with Parasomnia, it is classified as one of the two main primary sleep disorders. Dyssmonia includes primary insomnia,... Read more about Dyssomnia

Gambling Addiction

Gambling addiction is considered to be a type of impulse-control disorder where an individual has a compulsion to gamble despite knowing it will lead to negative effects that can hurt their finances, social and personal relationships, and... Read more about Gambling Addiction

Gender Dysphoria (Gender Identity Disorder)

Gender Identity Disorder is used by psychologists to make a formal diagnosis in describing individuals who experience a dysphoria or discontentment of their biological sexuality or gender. It is a condition that encompasses the various psychiatric classifications involving transsexuality, transvestism, and... Read more about Gender Dysphoria (Gender Identity Disorder)

Histrionic Personality Disorder

The DSM-IV-TR characterizes histrionic personality disorder (HPD) as a Cluster B personality disorder. Conditions belonging to this group are characterized as dramatic, full of emotions, and exhibit erratic behavior. Aside from HPD, other personality disorders in this group include antisocial, borderline, and... Read more about Histrionic Personality Disorder

Hypersomnia

Hypersomnia is a neurological condition which refers to a set of related disorders that manifests somnolence, also known as excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) or prolonged nighttime sleep. Most conditions of Hypersomnia are hard to classify and idiopathic. However, there are two main categories of Hypersomnia and both types are portrayed by similar signs and symptoms, differing only in the rate of which they... Read more about Hypersomnia

Mixed Receptive Expressive Language Disorder

Mixed receptive expressive language disorder is a communication disorder where there is impairment on the receptive and expressive areas of communication. The extent of the language impairment on both the comprehension and expression areas of language varies from mild to severe. The areas of impairment extend to both the comprehension of what is being told to a person and with the difficulty to express their self through... Read more about Mixed Receptive Expressive Language Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a condition characterized by self importance, extreme self involvement, self admiration, and a lack of empathy towards others. A Narcissist has arrogance and overconfidence and expects to be superior to others. Individuals with Narcissistic Personality Disorder show a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (the hallmark characteristic of Narcissistic Personality Disorder). Narcissistic Personality Disorder however is only diagnosed when the condition becomes persistent,... Read more about Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a kind of anxiety disorder wherein an individual has little power to control undesirable thoughts (obsessions) and is compelled to perform repetitive behaviors (compulsions). With Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, the individual is aware that his or her obsessions and compulsions are illogical, yet they feel powerless in controlling or overcoming them... Read more about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Panic Disorder

Panic Disorder is a condition belonging to the anxiety disorder category and is characterized by a sudden panic attack, which may be recurrent, resulting in behavioral changes that may last at least a month. Panic Disorder can become an anticipatory disorder, where the person worries on an ongoing basis and even continually predicts having another attack. Panic Disorder is a treatable condition though there is no known cure. Panic Disorder typically occurs during adulthood between the ages of 25 to 30... Read more about Panic Disorder

Parasomnia NOS

Parasomnia is a group of sleep disorders that are characterized by a disrupted sleeping patterns and disturbed sleep. Abnormal behaviors and experiences usually occur during sleep. There are different types of Parasomnia which also vary in frequency and severity. While some Parasomnias are outgrown by a child some may persist in its chronic form into adulthood, which usually requires immediate medical treatment. The sleeping disorder in Parasomnias usually involves abnormality in behaviors, perceptions,... Read more about Parasomnia NOS

Pervasive Developmental Disorder NOS

PDD-NOS belongs to a group of conditions known as pervasive developmental disorders. This group is generally characterized by a delay and deviance in the development of social skills. According to the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified or PDD-NOS, is defined as a condition of severe, pervasive impairment in communication skills or the presence of stereotyped behavior, interests and activities with... Read more about Pervasive Developmental Disorder NOS

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a form of anxiety disorder involving an extreme emotional illness that develops due to a frightening, unsafe, and life-threatening experience. The person affected with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder re-experiences the traumatic event leading them to avoid places, people, occasions, events and other things that remind them of their traumatic experience, and they become overly sensitive to life’s normal experiences. The person affected with PTSD experiences... Read more about Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression is a clinical condition affecting women usually after childbirth. After giving birth, a woman undergoes normal postpartum emotional changes and it is important to distinguish it from a postpartum depression. The distinguishable features of a postpartum depression consist of the frequency, duration and intensity of the emotional changes felt by the... Read more about Postpartum Depression

Primary Sleep Disorder

Sleep disorder is a medical condition affecting the sleep patterns of an individual, which oftentimes can be serious enough to affect the normal emotional, psychological, social, and physical functioning of the individual. There are several types of sleep disorders that were diagnosed by sleep specialists. The different sleep disorders are grouped and organized based on their presumed etiology. According to the DSM IV-TR Guidebook these groups of sleep disorders consist... Read more about Primary Sleep Disorder

Reactive Attachment Disorder

Reactive Attachment Disorder is a rare psychiatric illness affecting children who experience a serious emotional attachment to others. This form of attachment disorder in children is an uncommon condition that involves a developmentally inappropriate way for children to socially relate with others. Reactive Attachment Disorder can be manifested as inhibited attachment disorder, where the child has a persistent failure to respond to social interactions in a more developmentally appropriate way, or it may... Read more about Reactive Attachment Disorder

Rett's Disorder

Rett's disorder is a neurodevelopmental ailment which is classified by DSM-IV-TR in a group of childhood disorders known as pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) or autistic spectrum disorders. This condition, also called as Rett’s syndrome or RS, is described as the development of specific deficits following a period of normal functioning after birth. In 1965, Andreas Rett, an Austrian physician, identified a syndrome in 22 baby girls who appeared to have developed normally for at least six months,... Read more about Rett's Disorder

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal affective disorder is a condition that takes place during similar times each year. Also known as seasonal depression, it usually takes place during the winter when the day becomes shorter. An individual suffering from seasonal affective disorder feels depressed and fatigued during the attack. Come spring when there are longer days again, the person with seasonal affective disorder becomes relieved from their depression, returning to their normal mood and level of... Read more about Seasonal Affective Disorder

Separation Anxiety Disorder

Separation anxiety disorder is a condition that involves children displaying significant distress when they are separated from their parents or primary caregiver. The situation becomes worse when the child enters elementary school, but it is also likely in older or younger children. In separation anxiety disorder, the child develops a fear that something terrible might happen to either the child or parent while they are... Read more about Separation Anxiety Disorder

Sleep Terror Disorder

Sleep Terror Disorder, classically called a night terror, is a form of parasomnia disorder characterized with extreme terror and a temporary inability to regain consciousness. When the person wakes up, they are usually frightened and in extreme terror accompanied by moaning, screaming and gasping. The episode may usually last a few minutes and the person often has difficulty waking up. When a person with Sleep Terror Disorder is awakened, they are confused and have difficulty in recalling the details of... Read more about Sleep Terror Disorder

Sleepwalking Disorder

Sleepwalking Disorder is a condition that is characterized by walking asleep. The activity that a sleepwalker usually does during the episode is not limited to just merely walking in a sleep-like state but it also involves cruising along the stairs, rising from bed and walking around, going out of doors, eating snacks, cleaning, and dressing or undressing. Sleepwalking Disorder is also called somnambulism characterized by repeated episodes of motor activity during sleep. The sleepwalker may appear to be... Read more about Sleepwalking Disorder