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Breathing Related Sleep Disorder

(Also Known As: Sleep Disorder, Sleep Apnea, Sleep Disordered Breathing, Sleep Apnea Disorder, Sleep Breathing Disorders, Insomnia)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

Breathing-related sleep disorder is a group of disorders that cause significant disruptions in the normal breathing during sleep. The person affected is often the last person to know they have such condition. The disorder constitutes a part of different variations of a broad group of sleep disorders such as insomnia, hypersomnia, arcolepsy, parasomnia and other sleep related movements such as restless leg syndrome. The most common forms of breathing related sleep disorders are sleep apnea and snoring.

Sleep apnea can become an emergency condition when the person stops breathing during sleep. The condition can have debilitating consequences because of disruptions in sleep patterns resulting in frequent daytime sleepiness, especially when the condition is accompanied with insomnia.

Types of Sleep Apnea

  • Central sleep apnea (CSA). Central sleep apnea is a less common form of breathing related sleep disorder involving a neurological condition where the brain fails to send the appropriate signals to activate respiration while sleeping. This kind of apnea is noticeable in older people.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A more common type of sleep apnea where there is an obstruction in the airway that causes pauses in breathing. The person will miss one or more breaths during sleep with obstructive sleep apnea. The condition is due to the physical block to the airflow despite the person’s efforts to breath. It is common among obese individuals and usually accompanied with snoring.
  • Complex apnea or mixed. This is a combination of central and obstructive apnea which is particularly seen among infants and children. The child typically has difficulty controlling their breathing during sleep and may occur even when the child is awake.

Could You Have Breathing Related Sleep Disorder?

Breathing Related Sleep Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Hypersomnia – excessive daytime sleepiness, inability to sleep, insomnia, depression, anxiety
Narcolepsy – Dyssomnia, daytime sleepiness, sudden attack of sleep, disturbed sleep
Nightmare Disorder – dream anxiety disorder, disturbed sleep, nightmares, insomnia, fear