Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

(Also Known As: Adhd, ADD, Hyperactive, Attention Deficit Disorder, Attention Disorder)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD refers to a chronic disorder that is obvious in childhood and is characterized by persistent pattern of hyperactivity, being impulsive and unable to pay full attention or focus on task or activities. And with these symptoms, it will be difficult for children to perform well academically, emotionally or even in social aspects.

This condition is noticeable most especially in children at preschool or early years in school. Children who have ADHD have a hard time controlling their behavior because they struggle to pay attention. They also find it hard to concentrate, they are excessively active, and take actions without thinking. The three subtypes of this disorder are: inattentive, hyperactive impulsive, and combined.

When someone has been diagnosed with ADHD, there may be physical defects in his or her brain that can be a factor or explanation for the symptoms of ADHD. Physical abnormalities of the brain like total brain volume and volumes of specific areas are noticed by means of high resolution MRI and surface-based computational image analytical techniques.

ADHD can be also called attention deficit disorder as some doctors are still using the term even now. However, it was in 1987 that ADD was replaced with ADHD. You may also hear ADHD being called hyperkinetic disorder or HKD. This term is being use when the symptoms are more severe and that the three signs of ADHD which are the inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness are apparent and this is sometimes identified as combined type ADHD.

Could You Have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Adjustment Disorder – emotional and psychological response to some form of stressors, anxiety, depression, adjustment difficulty
Avoidant Personality Disorder – pervasive social inhibition, sensitivity, feeling of inadequacy, fear of rejection
Bipolar Disorder – mood disorder, mania, hypomania, hypermania, delusion, hallucination, depression
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – compulsion, obsession, anxiety, irrational behavior
Oppositional Defiant Disorder – disobedient, hostile, defiant behavior, misconduct